Archive: Mozaik – Changing Trains (2007)

Changing Trains

Compass Records 7 4468 2; 53 minutes; 2007

This isn’t a review, but the unedited version of an article based upon interviews with the band.

It’s some ten thousand miles from Brooklyn to Blackheath, NSW, and six of the same mathematical breed from County Fermanagh to Okinawa, though neither the crows nor the various flight paths are likely to pass over Budapest on these journeys.

Once only a fool would ever consider forming a musical quintet whose members were drawn from these five locations, but the world is now a much smaller place than when Andy Irvine first embarked on his musical travels. Those initial ventures took place in the late 1960s, when he decided to quit Dublin and his successful part in the band Sweeney’s Men and head for Eastern Europe on a musical voyage whose import continues to impact upon his music today. As he would later write, ‘I hit the road for the Balkans and spent a year and a half travelling around, sleeping in orchards, taking in the sounds and falling in love with the music and the people. I hauled a bunch of records back to Ireland, locked myself away and tried to get the hang of the rhythms. Not only have I been trying to play the music ever since, but I’ve been trying to get half the musicians of Ireland to play it as well.’

One of those Irish musicians, and far more than a significant half in terms of his later career, was the guitarist (and later Irish bouzouki maestro) Dónal Lunny who’d learnt the music industry’s ropes as a member of the folk-pop Emmet Spiceland. As Dónal recalls, “Ever since Andy introduced me to Bulgarian music I had a desire to play it. I was already interested in different time signatures from listening to Dave Brubeck and other jazz players.” Though whether Brubeck would ever have considered combining the 9/8 rhythm of an Irish slip jig with the 9/16 of a Bulgarian daichovo horo, as Irvine and Lunny have found and enjoyed themselves doing is open to question.

On said Balkan travels, in Ljubljana Andy also bumped into a young musician from the Netherlands, Rens van der Zalm. The Dutch fiddler and guitarist Rens had become immersed in “the music of Leadbelly, Big Bill Broonzy, Pete Seeger and the New Lost City Ramblers and more..” in his teens and started to play this music in coffee houses with older mentors, though “his violin teacher was not very amused”.

Rens and Andy would meet up again during the 1970s when Planxty (formed with Dónal, uilleann piper Liam O’Flynn and Christy Moore) toured Europe. By which time the fascination Andy and Dónal shared for those Balkan rhythms had become a substantial element in the band’s repertoire.

Fast forward a few years to the early 1980s. Planxty’s career had stuttered after its genesis with Christy reinvigorating his solo career and Dónal embarking on the full-pelt sleighride also known as The Bothy Band. In the midst of this period Andy and Paul Brady formed a powerful duo, recording one of Ireland’s essential albums in the process. However, by 1979 the original members of Planxty were back together again (with the addition of Matt Molloy on flute) and the reincarnation’s first album included perhaps the best-known result of Andy’s and Dónal’s Balkan interests, the 9/16 Bulgarian dance tune ‘Smeceno Horo’.

A key moment came in 1981 when Dónal (by then involved in the nascent Moving Hearts) and the future Riverdance creator Bill Whelan combined to compose Timedance, the interval entertainment for that year’s Eurovision Song Contest. As Andy puts it, “It had dancers, it had a drum kit, a bass guitar. It had chord sequences in the last part that Planxty would never even have dreamed of ten years before! It even had a Bulgarian 9/16 rhythm at the beginning of the second tune. With its archaic unaccompanied flat set of uilleann pipes in the first section, it wasn’t a bad musical history of Planxty and the music its members had performed.”

By then Andy had also released his debut solo album, Rainy Sundays Windy Dreams and, after Planxty’s seemingly final demise (reformed for a short time this decade, but never likely to play again), he embarked upon his most ambitious project so far. This was the band Mosaic which resulted from further Balkan ventures and involved singer Márta Sebestyén from the Hungarian band Muzsikás who also played gardón , Hans Theesink (nowadays regarded as one of the world’s finest blues guitarists), singer/bassist Lissa (from Denmark) and, initially, Scotland’s Dougie MacLean.

However, Dougie decided that the project wasn’t for him so, after an abortive attempt to involve Dolores Keane and John Faulkner, Dónal Lunny arrived on the scene, bringing with him the young uilleann piper Declan Masterson. The newly-fledged band embarked on a tour whose English segment resulted in fabulous reviews, but, in Andy’s words, ‘we were a very happy band but we had the sense to leave it at just the one summer! Still, I don’t think I’ll ever forget Márta playing the gárdon, a Translvanian percussion instrument that looks like a stone age cello, on sets of Irish reels!’.

While Andy’s solo career progressed during the latter half of the 1980s, a key musical moment occurred in 1992 with the release of the East Wind album, a collaboration with uilleann piper Davy Spillane. Produced by Bill Whelan, and featuring a feast of cross-cultural musicanship, this was undoubtedly the first (and probably the last) attempt to meld Bulgarian, Macedonian and Irish music together. Its cast included Nikola Parov, a multi-instrumentalist from Sofia (proficient on gadulka, kaval, gaida and bouzouki) whom Andy had previously met at a festival in Hungary. The album was critically acclaimed, but poorly bought. Subsequently, Andy, Nikola and Rens (who had played on Andy’s second solo LP Rude Awakening) toured Europe together as the East Wind trio.

During his solo career in the 1990s Andy often toured the US and it was during one of these trips that he met Bruce Molsky, a Bronx-born fiddler with an insatiable appetite for Appalachian music.

Little immediately accrued, but while touring Australia in the dwindling years of the last millennium, an idea suddenly struck Andy. “I do a lot of driving in Australia – I own a Land Cruiser out there. Driving really makes me use my brain and it suddenly came into my head that it would be great to do a tour of Australia with a band and that led to the question ‘What kind of a band?’. That thought led in turn on to Irish, Old Timey and Balkan music and then the people more or less picked themselves.

So, there was Bruce, Dónal, Nikola and Rens and Andy’s impetus to bring them all together – “I was the common link and knew everybody. I’d played with all of them in the past and had them kind of earmarked.”

The emails began to flow. As Bruce puts it “Andy contacted me with a very simple email in 2001, and asked pretty much ‘Hey, want to come to Australia and make a band?’ Well it was a bit more descriptive than that; the whole idea sounded mysterious and pretty exotic.“ Dónal, Rens and Nikola were equally receptive and the newly-formed band, henceforth known as Mozaik, first convened in Australia in March 2002. After just several days of rehearsal it embarked on a short tour whose results can be heard in the form of the album Live at the Powerhouse which, as all the bands’ members would probably agree, only partly encapsulates the unique instrumental configuration which trod the boards on those nights.

Subsequently, there was another Australian tour, one of the US and a couple of visits to the UK, but it was 2005 before this band of musical itinerants actually spent time in the recording studio. The result was the album Changing Trains, whose title relates only partly to two of its tracks, which was released only in Australia that year. Subsequently remixed, it’s now more generally available, though it’s an absolute mystery why a band of such calibre has to self-finance its own album.

The album’s ten tracks incorporate all the disparate elements that Mozaik’s members bring to the melting pot. There’s Andy’s self-composed songs (including ‘O’Donoghue’s’, his wonderful paean to the glories of Dublin’s most famed session pub in all its 1960s pomp and prime). Then there’s Bruce’s ‘Reuben’s Transatlantic Express’, reinvigorated by Nikola’s input of Rumanian rhythms. Add to that the eclectic ‘Pig Farm Suite’, first played at an Italian venue which was once a piggery, and the exceedingly rare sounding of a lead vocal from Dónal Lunny on the Donegal song ‘Siún ní Dhuibír’. The last time the Lunny larynx was heard on record was on ‘Bean Phaidín’ on the Planxty album The Well Below the Valley. Additionally, there’s ‘Sail Away Ladies’, first recorded by ‘Uncle Bunt’ Stephens in the 1920s and a wonderfully resonant version of the song ‘Reynardine’.

Nowadays Rens lives in Australia, Nikola in Budapest, Dónal in Okinawa and Bruce in Brooklyn, not forgetting Andy in Ireland. Bringing together all these disparate talents for a tour of whatever kind is a feat in itself, but, as Nikola comments ‘That’s the most exciting part of it, I think. From a practical point of view it’s hell. I mean, to organize a tour, schedule times and flights, it’s really difficult. But the freshness and the flash of creativity when we meet compensates for all the inconvenience. I can assure you I’m never bored.’

And neither should we be.

This article by Geoff Wallis originally appeared in the Jan/Feb 2008 edition of fRoots magazine.

In the first urban commune in Ljubljana…

An nice article on Andys time in Ljubljana (scroll down for a rough English translation)

Original Article

V prvi urbani komuni v Ljubljani je živel tudi irski glasbenik Andy Irvine Komuna v Tacnu, spomini Goranke Kreačič

Člani komune v Tacnu, med njimi irski pevec Andy Irwine
Člani komune v Tacnu. Foto: Osebni arhiv Goranke Kreačič

Komunarde v Tacnu so obiskovali tudi Tribunaši, člani Gledališča Pupilije Ferkeverk … Foto: Slobodan Valentinčič (1971)

Komuna v Tacnu (G7) je bila prva urbana komuna v nekdanji Jugoslaviji. Ustanovijo jo večinoma primorski študentje, pridružili so se jim tudi nekateri Ljubljančani. V komuni je stalno živelo 10-15 ljudi, hiša je bila vedno polna obiskov, domačih ali tujih. Čeprav so bili prvotni nagibi ustanovitve take skupnosti predvsem ekonomske narave, pa so se stanovalci komune kmalu intelektualno in politično profilirali kot anarho-sindikalistična smer, čeprav so nekateri zagovarjali popolno apolitičnost. Pojavili so se tudi začetki ekološke zavesti; vzpostavile so se povezave z ekogibanjem amsterdamskih “kobouterjev” (palčkov) – začetnikov porajajoče se ekološke zavesti v Evropi. Njegovi člani so redno obiskovali komuno v Tacnu, zlasti Roel van Duyn, ki je pisal tudi za študentski časopis Tribuna. Člani komune so se preživljali na različne načine – od štipendij do priložnostnega dela in so v skupnem gospodinjstvu skušali uveljavljati egalitarizem in solidarnost med člani.

Glavna polja dejavnosti so bila filozofija, družbena misel (Frane Adam), ekologija, v smislu samozadostnosti v oskrbi s hrano (Vinko in Vera Zalar) ter umetnost (likovna: Jože Slak – Đoko (1951-2014), književna: Ivan Volarič – Feo (1948-2010), zadnja dva sta tudi na zgornji fotografiji). Drugačnost od “normalne” družbe so kazali tudi z videzom, dolgimi lasmi, z oblačilno kulturo.

Pomemben status so bila potovanja – od Amsterdama, kjer so obiskovali svoje somišljenike “kobouterje”, do nepalskega Katmanduja. To potovanje je bilo nekakšna iniciacija, ki si jo moral opraviti, če si hotel bili del tega “plemena”. Ta potovanja v Indijo in Nepal niso bila omejena samo na prebivalce Tacna, široko so zajela tudi del ljubljanske mladine.

Večina članov komune v Tacnu in nato na Brodu, ki so sicer živeli neko vrsto utopije, se je udeleževala akcij študentskega gibanja, na neki način tudi utopičnega, se spominja Goranka Kreačič, ki je bila v letih, ko je bilo študentsko gibanje v Ljubljani najmočnejše, študentka Filozofske fakultete. Bila je vpeta v jedro dogajanja in hrani dragocene spomine na tisti čas. Avtor fotografije Žare Veselič, prebivalec komune in pozneje njen stalni obiskovalec, je s fotoaparatom vneto dokumentiral takratne dogodke.

Ste bili tam? Pošljite nam svoje spomine!

Če tudi sami hranite kakšen spomin na tista prelomna leta – fotografijo, ploščo, spomin na proteste ali pa kak drug prelomen dogodek tistega časa –, delite ga z nami in sodelujte pri obujanju tistega pomembnega obdobja.

Pišite nam

Eden izmed tujih stanovalcev komune (na sliki v sredini spredaj) je danes slavni irski glasbenik in kantavtor Andy Irvine. Svojemu večmesečnemu bivanju v Ljubljani – v Tacnu – je posvetil pesem Autumn Gold na zgoščenki Rain on the Roof. O pesmi je Irwine zapisal: Napisal sem jo v Ljubljani leta 1968, medtem ko sem sedel v sončnem parku in zaman čakal na zmenek. Kot vedno, sem čakal na Vido.

English Translation (via Google Translate!)

In the first urban commune in Ljubljana, Irish musician Andy Irvine also lived Commune in Tacen, memories of Goranka Kreačič

Members of the commune in Tacen, among them Irish singer Andy Irwine
Members of the commune in Tacen. Photo: Personal Archive Goranka Kreačič

The communards in Tacen were also visited by Tribunaši, members of the Pupilija Ferkeverk Theater … Photo: Slobodan Valentinčič (1971)

The commune in Tacen (G7) was the first urban commune in the former Yugoslavia. It is mostly founded by students from the Primorska region, and also by some of the residents of Ljubljana. There were 10-15 people living in the commune, the house was always full of visits, domestic or foreign. Although the original inclinations of the founding of such a community were primarily of an economic nature, the villagers of the commune soon became intellectually and politically profiled as anarcho-syndicalist direction, although some argued for complete apolitism. The beginnings of ecological consciousness also appeared; links have been established with the ecstasy of the Amsterdam “kobouteri” (dwarfs) – the beginnings of the emerging ecological awareness in Europe. His members regularly visited communes in Tacen, in particular Roel van Duyn , who also wrote for the Tribune student newspaper. Members of the community have been living in various ways – from scholarships to ad hoc work and have tried to promote egalitarianism and solidarity among their members in the common household.

The main fields of activity were philosophy, social thought ( Frane Adam ), ecology, in terms of self-sufficiency in food supply ( Vinko and Vera Zalar ) and art (visual: Jože Slak – Đoko (1951-2014), literary: Ivan Volarič – Feo (1948-2010), the last two are also in the above photo). The differences from the “normal” society were also reflected in the appearance, long hair, and clothing culture.

An important status was travel – from Amsterdam, where they visited their co-habits “co-workers”, to Nepalese Kathmandu. This trip was some kind of initiation that you had to do if you wanted to be part of this “tribe”. These trips to India and Nepal were not limited to the inhabitants of Tacen, but also included a part of the Ljubljana youth.

The majority of the members of the commune in Tacno and then on Brod, who otherwise lived some sort of utopia, took part in the actions of the student movement, and in some ways also utopic, recalls Goranka Kreačič , who was during the years when the student movement in Ljubljana was the strongest , a student at the Faculty of Philosophy. It was embedded in the core of events and held valuable memories at that time. The author of the photo Žare Veselič, a resident of the commune, and later her permanent visitor, has documentfully documented the events at that time with the camera.

Were you there? Send us your memories!

If you also keep yourself remembering those crucial years – a photo, a plate, a memory of protests, or some other turning point event of that time – share it with us and participate in the recapture of that important period.

Contact us

One of the foreign community dwellers (in the middle of the picture in front) is now famous Irish musician and cantor Andy Irvine . He spent his two-month stay in Ljubljana – in Tacno – dedicated the song Autumn Gold to the Rain on the Roof CD**. Irwin wrote about the song : I wrote it in Ljubljana in 1968, while I was sitting in the sun park, waiting for a date in vain. As always, I waited for Vido***.



**CORRECTIONS: The Song Autumn Gold was released on the Andy Irvine/Paul Brady LP, not Rain on the Roof.

***CORRECTIONS: Most likely a typo. Should be Vida.

Andy Irvine & Paul Brady – A Merry Christmas / A Merry Christmas [1976]


• Model: 45 RPM 7″
• Manufactured by: IRELAND



If anyone anywhere can provide a copy of these recordings it would be a real treat! Merry Christmas!